Index of Philippines EHS
Framework of EHS laws and regulations in Philippines.
|Waste||Solid Waste Management|
|OSH||Occupational Safety and Health Standards|
Philippines, Organizations with Governing Environmental Regulations
- Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR)
- Environmental Management Bureau (EMB)
- Department of Health (DOH)
- Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
- Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG)
- Philippine National Police (PNP)
- Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA)
- Department of Finance (DOF)
- Bureau of Customs (BOC)
- Department of Energy (DOE)
- Department of Trade and Industry (DTI)
- Bureau of Philippine Standards (BPS)
- Philippine Economic Zone Authority (PEZA)
- Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE)
- Occupational Safety and Health Center (OSHC)
Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR)
The Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) is the primary agency responsible for the conservation, management, development and proper use of the environment and natural resources of the Philippines, in particular forests, rangelands, reservations, mineral resources and public lands. It also responsible for all licensing procedures and regulations on natural resources in the country to ensure equitable sharing of the benefits given by natural resources for the welfare of present and future generations of Filipinos. The core mandates of the DENR are as follows:
- To advise the President on the enactment of laws regarding the development, utilization, regulation, conservation, and pollution control of natural resources.
- To develop, implement, and oversee policies, plans, and programs for the management, conservation, development, utilization and restoration of natural resources.
- To publish regulations to implement laws governing the exploration, development, conservation, extraction, and disposal of natural resources, and controlling commercial activities that may cause depletion or degradation of natural resources.
- To develop environmental and emission standards for water and air quality, including acceptable levels of different pollutants and radiation.
- To have the responsibility for the assessment, development, protection, conservation, licensing, and regulation of all natural resources as stipulated by applicable laws.
Environmental Management Bureau (EMB)
The Environmental Management Bureau (EMB) was established in 1987 as a supporting body for the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) in 1987. And then EMB was institutionalized as a separate governing body with an independent enforcement authority in 2002. The EMB is responsible for pollution prevention and control, and environmental impact assessment. The Bureau has a vision of a nation that is empowered to protect its limited natural resources pursuing sustainable development, to ensure a healthy environment that enhances the Filipinos’ quality of life for present and future generations. The EMB sets out standards for air and water quality and monitors pollutants in the environment and those from point sources. It also controls hazardous and toxic materials under the Toxic Substances, Hazardous and Nuclear Waste Control Act, and operates the country’s Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) system.
Department of Health (DOH)
The Department of Health (DOH) is responsible for ensuring that all Filipinos have access to basic public health services through the provision of quality health care and the regulation of providers of health products and services. The Department has adopted the vision “the healthiest Filipinos in Southeast Asia by 2022 and in Asia by 2040” and has the mission of leading the country in developing a productive, resilient, equitable, and people-centered health system.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is a regulatory agency established under the Department of Health (DOH) pursuant to the Food, Drugs and Devices, and Cosmetics Act and the subsequent Food and Drug Administration Act of 2009. The FDA is mandated to ensure the safety, effectiveness and quality of health products such as food, drugs, cosmetics, devices, biological products, vaccines, in vitro diagnostic reagents, devices and equipment emitting radiation, household and urban hazards chemicals including pesticides and toys, or consumer products that may affect health and require regulation as designated by the FDA.
Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG)
The Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) is responsible for promoting peace and order, ensuring public safety, and strengthening the capacity of local governments through active people’s participation.
- To create peaceful, secure and independent local communities.
- To improve the capacity of local governments in governance, socio-economic development and environmental management.
- To maintain a state of peace and order and ensure public security
Philippine National Police (PNP)
The Philippine National Police (PNP) is responsible for the control of chemicals that may be used in manufacture of explosives or raw materials thereof. It controls the “restricted chemicals” as stipulated by laws and regulations. The restricted chemicals are regulated for manufacture, trade, import, export, transportation and storage.
Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA)
The Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA) is a governmental agency that controls and regulates narcotic precursors and implements programs/projects to combat narcotics. The import of chemicals used for the manufacture of narcotics are controlled by the Anti-illegal Drug Task Force of the Bureau of Customs (BOC).
Department of Finance (DOF)
Bureau of Customs (BOC)
The Bureau of Customs (BOC) is responsible for strengthening the border control, facilitating international trades and improving the revenue legally collected, with the goal of achieving a modernized and reliable customs administration at the world’s highest level. The Environmental Protection and Compliance Division (EPCD) under the Bureau was reorganized from the Environmental Protection Unit into the EPCD, an upper level organization, pursuant to the Customs Memorandum Order No. 38 of 2019. The purpose of the EPCD is to deal with illegal entry of hazardous and other wastes from other countries. The EPCD is also responsible for 1) monitoring the import and export of hazardous, recyclable and other materials under the regulatory control of the DENR; 2) recommending issuance of Alert Order (AO) and Pre-Lodgment Control Order (PLCO) against shipments suspected of containing goods in violation of the Customs Modernization and Tariff Act (CMTA) and/or environmental laws and regulations; and 3) investigating cases involving violations of environmental laws and making recommendations for prosecution of violations of the CMTA.
Department of Energy (DOE)
The Department of Energy (DOE) is mandated by the Department of Energy Act of 1992 to prepare, integrate, coordinate, supervise and control all plans, programs, projects and activities of the government related to energy exploration, development, utilization, distribution and conservation. The DOE, in cooperation with stakeholders, aims to improve the quality of life of Filipinos by formulating and implementing policies and programs to ensure sustainable, stable, secure, adequate, accessible, and reasonably priced energy. The Department is also responsible for the development of energy conservation standards and labels for products, as well as energy conservation regulations for factories and other facilities. The Energy Utilization Management Bureau (EUMB), a subsidiary of DOE, develops and implements the minimum energy efficiency standards and energy labeling for different products and other programs. It also evaluates energy-saving technologies and develops comprehensive information, education, and communication strategies to raise public awareness about and promote the use of energy-efficient products.
Department of Trade and Industry (DTI)
The Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) is a national governmental authority established for the aim of developing domestic industry and international trade.
The organizational structure of the DTI has been reformed pursuant to the Department Order No. 18 of 2019 establishing the following functional groups:
- Competitiveness and Innovation Group (CIG)
- Consumer Protection Group (CPG)
- Industry Development and Trade Policy Group (IDTPG)
- Management Services Group (MSG)
- Regional Operations Group (ROG)
- Trade Promotions Group (TPG)
Bureau of Philippine Standards (BPS)
The Bureau of Philippine Standards (BPS) is an agency established under the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), on June 20, 1964, pursuant to the Standards Act (Republic Act No. 4109). The BPS is responsible for the Philippine National Standards. As such, the BPS is mandated to formulate, publish, and enforce standards for all products in the Philippines, promote national standardization activities, and ensure that high quality products are manufactured, produced, and/or distributed for protecting consumers. Currently, the Bureau is subordinate to the Consumer Protection Group (CPG) of the DTI and works in coordination with the Consumer Protection and Advocacy Bureau (CPAB) and the Fair Trade Enforcement Bureau (FTEB).
Philippine Economic Zone Authority (PEZA)
The Philippine Economic Zone Authority (PEZA) is a governmental body created to establish the legal framework and mechanisms for the integration, coordination, planning, and monitoring of special economic zones (SEZs), industrial parks, export processing zones (EPZs), etc. to attract domestic and foreign investors, create employment opportunities, and strengthen linkages among industries in and around SEZs. In addition, the Authority has established and is developing environmentally friendly green SEZs under the concept of “environment-friendly industrialization,” which promotes industrialization without harming the environment through the responsible use of natural resources.
Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE)
The Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) is the primary agency that controls occupational safety and health policies, enforcing rules under the provisions of the Labor Code. The Department is also responsible for regulations governing the handling of chemicals at work sites. The DOLE has adopted the goal of achieving decent and productive employment for all Filipino workers with subordinate organizations including the Occupational Safety and Health Center (OSHC), the Bureau of Work Conditions (BWC), and the Bureau of Labor Relations (BLR).
Occupational Safety and Health Center (OSHC)
The Occupational Safety and Health Center (OSHC) is an agency created by Presidential Decree No. 307 of 1987, as a national governmental body for conducting research and training on matters related to occupational safety and health. OSHC was designated as the international occupational safety and health information center (CIS Center) for the Philippines in July 1991, and accordingly receives information from the head CIS Center (in Geneva, Switzerland), a division of the International Labor Organization (ILO), and from the Asia-Pacific Regional Program on Occupational Safety and Health (headquartered in Bangkok, Thailand) and dispatch such information to relevant domestic stakeholders. OSHC conducts research and surveys on occupational safety and health. Other duties include:
- To plan, formulate and implement occupational health and safety training programs.
- To monitor working environments and conduct medical examinations of workers.
- To test and formulate standards for personal protective equipment and other safety devices.
- To support other governmental bodies in the development of policies and standards for occupational health and safety.
Within the OSHC, the Safety Control Division, the Health Control Division, and the Environmental Control Division are responsible for chemical management, all of which work together to manage chemicals at workplaces.