On April 8, 2015, a public consultation was held in the Philippines on Draft Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) Administrative Order providing Guidelines on the Environmentally Sound Management (ESM) of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) (DAO-20AA) (hereinafter referred to the Draft). Stakeholders from the Environmental Management Bureau (EMB) of the DENR as well as other stakeholders from authorities and industry attended the public consultation.
The original text of the Draft can be downloaded from the following URL.
The following is an overview of the Draft.
The Draft is issued in accordance with Republic Act No. 6969 otherwise known as the Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Wastes Control Act of 1990 and DENR Administrative Order (DAO) No. 2013-22 on Revised Procedures and Standards for the Management of Hazardous Wastes, with the following five objectives.
- Provide the framework for the appropriate management of WEEE
- Reduce the amount of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) as waste and the hazards brought about by its components
- Promote the reuse of EEE and valorization of its waste components
- Encourage involvement of relevant stakeholders in the life cycle of EEE
- Institutionalize the principle of Extended Producers Responsibility (EPR) in addressing the financial requirements involved in the implementation of the guidelines provided in the Draft.
|Type of WEEE||Description|
|Lighting products||Lighting products listed in JAO 2013-09-001, as well as metallic, electronic, and electrical parts of the lighting products and their housing|
|IT equipment/devices||Routers, servers, modems, computer hardware (e.g., keyboards, mice), computer units (e.g., desktop, laptop), computer screens, CPU, external data storage devices (HDD, flash drives), photocopiers, scanners, printers, etc.|
|Telecommunication devices||telephones, fax machines, wireless telephones, mobile phones, tablets, radios, etc.|
|Electric appliances||Consumer appliances (TV sets, microwaves, coffee makers, toasters, electric fans, ovens, refrigerators, washing machines, air conditioning units, vacuum cleaners) and industrial electronic and electrical appliances (except those that are fixed and stationary)|
|Entertainment and recreational devices||Gaming consoles (PlayStation, Xbox, Wii etc.), portable gaming devices (3DS, PSP, etc.), portable music players, etc.|
|Image producing devices||Cameras, camcorders, video recorders, DVD, VCD, CD, and other tape readers, etc.|
|Medical devices||Ultrasound, urinalysis system, patient monitor, defibrillator, jaundice meter, ventilator, etc.|
|Laboratory equipment||High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), Atomic Absorption Spectrometer, UV-VIS Spectrophotometer, etc.|
Responsibilities of producers
The responsibilities imposed on producers are specified in detail in 8.1 of the guidelines provided in the Draft. The main responsibilities are as follows.
- Join a Producer Responsibility Organization (PRO) (PRO is a non-profit organization created for the purpose of implementing the collective WEEE Management Plan to be developed by the producers).
- Agree on the financing and communication strategy which should be reflected in the WEEE Management Plan.
- Affix prescribed markings to the applicable EEE.
- Allow relevant data (e.g., sales volume, imported volume) to be audited by the PRO. The purpose of the audit is to validate whether or not the sales and import data are correctly reported.
- Provide the PRO with the forecast recovery amount and forecast percentages of reuse and recycle.
- Submit an audited annual report to EMB (not later than the first quarter of every year).
- Mark products with information related to the product, including the date the products are put on market.
- Inform users of correct information for the ESM of WEEE.