India undertakes incentives for mitigating air pollution

On November 22, 2019, India’s Press Information Bureau reported that central government has undertaken various regulatory measures for prevention, control and abatement of air pollution. For instance, Action Plans for Improvement of Air Quality says as follows.

 

  1. The Central government has launched National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) under the pollution management scheme. NCAP is a long-term national strategy to deal with air pollution across the country in a comprehensive manner with targets to achieve 20 % to 30 % reduction in PM10 and PM2.5 concentrations by 2024 compared with 2017.
  2. The Central government has notified a Comprehensive Action Plan (CAP) in 2018 to identify implementation schedule and agencies for prevention, control and mitigation of air pollution in Delhi and NCR.
  3. Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP) notified on January 12, 2017 is for prevention, control and abatement of air pollution in Delhi and NCR. It identified measures and implementing agencies for response to Air Quality Index (AQI).

 

Several steps also have been taken for public awareness.

  • Air quality information app “SAMEER” has developed and the citizens can register complaints against air polluting activities.
  • The Central government collects information on air quality and provides real time air quality status to all stakeholders.
  • Twitter and Facebook accounts have been created for access to air quality related information and to provide a platform for lodging complaints by the citizens.
  • Innovative ideas, suggestions or proposals from public are collected through CPCB website to strengthen efforts for improving air quality in Delhi NCR.
  • Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change implements environment education scheme and make an effort to improve environmental awareness among the society.

 

There is overall improvement in air quality of Delhi in 2019 successively since 2016. Number of ‘Good’ to ‘Moderate’ days increased to 175 in 2019, as compared to 158 in 2018, and number of ‘Poor’ to ‘Severe’ days reduced to 147, compared to 164 in 2018.