Since the 1990s, India has stepped up its efforts to conserve energy. In 2001, the Energy Conservation Act, 2001 was enacted, requiring the establishment of the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) which was established in the following year. The Act is the basic law underlying the regulation of energy conservation in the country and also provides for energy savings in equipment and devices, industry (facilities) and buildings.


Energy Efficiency for Products

In India, the Standards & Labelling Programme (SLP), an energy-efficiency labeling scheme for consumer products, has been in operation since May 18, 2006 under the jurisdiction of BEE. The SLP is implemented based on Article 14(d) of the Energy Conservation Act, 2001. The purpose of the scheme is to encourage consumers to purchase energy-saving products by providing information on energy conservation. The label shows the energy-saving performance with a 5-star rating.

The products covered by the scheme are divided into two categories: products for which labelling is mandatory and ones for which labelling is voluntary.The list of products subject to the scheme as of August 2020 is shown below.


  • Frost Free (No-Frost) Refrigerator
  • Tubular Fluorescent Lamps
  • Room Air Conditioners
  • Distribution Transformer
  • RAC (Cassette, Floor Standing Tower, Ceiling, Corner AC)
  • Direct Cool Refrigerator
  • Electric Geysers
  • Color TV
  • Variable Capacity Air Conditioners
  • LED Lamps


  • Induction Motors
  • Agricultural Pump Sets
  • Ceiling Fans
  • Domestic Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Stoves
  • Washing Machine
  • Computer (Notebook /Laptops)
  • Ballast (Electronic/Magnetic)
  • Office equipment’s (Printer, Copier, Scanner, MFD’s)
  • Diesel Engine Driven Monoset Pumps for Agricultural Purposes
  • Solid State Inverter
  • Diesel Generator
  • Chillers
  • Microwave Ovens
  • Solar Water Heaters
  • Light Commercial Air conditioners
  • Deep Freezers

Under the SLP, BEE formulates rules for contents in label and its design, while the Ministry of Power publishes notifications specifying the energy efficiency standards for each product.


Energy Efficiency for Buildings

In addition to provisions on energy conservation for products, the Act stipulates energy management for buildings (establishments). Business establishments designated under the Act are positioned as “Designated Consumers” and are required to assign an energy manager and submit an energy consumption report. Designated Consumers are defined as those in the following industries.

No. Industries Annual Energy Consumption
1 Thermal Power Stations ≧ 30,000 toe
2 Fertilizer ≧ 30,000 toe
3 Cement ≧ 30,000 toe
4 Iron and Steel ≧ 20,000 toe
5 Chlor-Alkali ≧ 12,000 toe
6 Aluminum ≧  7,500 toe
7 Railwasys ≧ 30,000 toe
8 Textile ≧  3,000 toe
9 Pulp and Paper ≧ 20,000 toe
10 Petroleum Refinery ≧ 90,000 toe
11 Electricity Distribution Companies ≧ 86,000 toe
12 Commercial buildings or establishments (Hotels) ≧  5,000 toe
13 Gas Crackers and Naphtha Crackers ≧100,000 toe

Designated Consumers are required to improve their energy efficiency through the mandatory PAT (Perform, Achieve and Trade) scheme as determined by the Ministry of Power. The eligible Designated Consumers are listed in the notification.

On 13 February, 2018, the Ministry of Power published “Energy Conservation Building Code Rules, 2018” which applies to every building, which is used or intended to be used for commercial purposes, having a connected load of 100kW or above or a contract demand of 120kVA or above. Building systems covered by this rule include building envelope, comfort systems and controls (heating, ventilation and air conditioning service hot water system), lighting and controls, electrical and renewable energy systems and any other system, as may be specified from time to time by BEE. However, this rule shall not apply to equipment, appliances, devices and parts of building that use energy primarily for manufacturing processes. Complying with the “Energy Conservation Building Code 2017” is also required for this rule.


Related Reports

Date Title
2022-05-12 India revises applicable date of Fuel Consumption Standards for Diesel Vehicles with 3.5 tons or more
2022-04-26 India adds tires as a voluntary product under Standards & Labeling Programme
2022-04-26 India adds lithium-ion traction battery packs for electrically propelled road vehicles as a voluntary product under Standards & Labeling Programme
2022-04-25 India amends emission limits for new engines used for power generating set applications with up to 800 kW gross mechanical power
2022-02-24 India adds production facilities for ceramic, glass, copper, zinc, etc. to energy intensive industries
specified in the Energy Conservation Act
2022-01-13 India extends validity of energy labels for UHD televisions to end of 2022
2022-01-06 India postpones enforcement date of QCO for Refrigerating Appliance
2021-12-23 India extends validity of energy labels for LPG Stove to end of 2022
2021-12-22 India to set minimum percentage of renewable energy use by industrial units
Under the Energy Conservation Act
2021-12-20 India extends validity of energy labels for Solar Water Heater to end of 2022
2021-12-13 India extends validity of energy labels for Washing machine and Microwave Oven to end of 2022
2021-12-09 India extends validity of energy labels for TV, Refrigerator and Air Conditioner to end of June 2022
2021-10-22 India extends Energy Labels for Storage Type Electric Water Heater to end of 2022
2021-10-20 India extends Energy Labels for Chillers to end of 2022
2021-09-24 India extends Energy Labels for Freezers and Commercial Air Conditioners to end of 2022
2021-09-24 India clarifies scope of Cameras, Speakers, etc used in automotive sector under Compulsory Registration
2021-08-02 India publishes amended order for transition period, exemption, etc. under Compulsory Registration Scheme
2021-07-26 India proposes mandatory energy efficiency labeling for Ceiling Fans
From voluntary to mandatory
2021-07-26 India issues changes to energy efficiency label specifications for LPG stoves and water heaters
2021-04-02 India publishes Quality Control Order for sewing machines
Effective from September 2021
2021-03-29 India adds UHD TV and Air Compressor to Voluntary Labeling Program
2021-01-28 India sets minimum performance parameters for batteries of solar street lights and solar study lamps
2020-12-24 India publishes quality control order for refrigerating appliances
Come into effect from January 1, 2021
2020-12-15 India adds digital camera, BT speakers, etc. to Compulsory Registration Scheme
Apply from April 1, 2021
2020-11-20 India publishes quality control order for low voltage switchgear and controlgear
2020-11-09 India notifies to WTO draft on quality control order for refrigerating appliances
2020-10-05 India amends emission standards for agricultural tractor, power tiller and combine harvester, etc.
2020-10-03 India amends the scope of electricity distribution companies as a designated consumer under Energy Conservation Act
2020-10-03 India publishes amendment rules for energy auditors and managers
2020-09-16 India publishes notification to amend target fuel consumption of N3 and M3 from January, 2021
2020-08-31 India issues instructions under S&L Program for Washing Machine, Microwave Oven and Chillers
2020-06-30 India BEE announces the extension of the deadline for energy efficiency standards for Self-ballasted LED Lamps
2020-06-30 India publishes Quality Control Order for copier paper
2020-06-26 India publishes amendment rules for Medical Devices Rules
2020-06-26 India publishes Quality Control Order for flat transparent sheet glass
2020-06-26 India adds deep freezers to voluntary scheme of Standards & Labeling Programme.
2020-06-26 India adds solar water heaters to voluntary scheme of Standards & Labeling Programme.
2020-06-26 India adds light commercial air conditioners to voluntary scheme of Standards & Labeling Programme.
2020-06-26 India publishes Quality Control Order for safety glass
2020-06-24 India’s Ministry of Power publishes notification setting out energy saving targets of PAT scheme for FY 2020-21 to 2022-23.
2020-06-24 India publishes notification adding 12 product categories to the Compulsory Registration Scheme.
Added keyboards, rice cookers, etc
2020-06-19 India issues an instruction for changes in energy efficiency standards for LED lamps.
New standards will be from July 2020.
2019-12-05 India publishes Quality Control Order for air conditioner and its related parts
2019-10-30 India sets new energy efficiency standards for air conditioner
Mandatory default setting of 24°C
2019-10-28 India notifies the draft of quality control order for air conditioners etc. to WTO-TBT.
2019-08-09 India BEE revises energy efficiency standards and label design for agriculture pump sets
Effective from January 1, 2020
2019-07-24 India BEE changes energy efficiency standards etc for ceiling fans

Index of India EHS

Framework of EHS laws and regulations in India.

Category Theme
Overall Overview, Environmental Standards
India, Organizations with Governing Environmental Regulations
Chemical Chemical Management
Waste Waste Management
Energy Energy Efficiency Regulation of Products
Product Designs Product Designs in India
Water Water Pollution Control
Air Air Pollution Control
Other Pollution Noise, Vibration and Odour Control
OSH Occupational Safety and Health