The chemical industry in India covers a wide range of chemicals, petrochemicals, agrochemicals, specialty chemicals, dyes, biopharmaceuticals and bio-industrial products. Significant growth opportunities are expected in the specialty chemicals, polymers and agrochemicals industries, and growth and investment promotion initiatives are in place.

Chemical management in India is comprehensive, covering the various stages in the life cycle of a chemical substance, with different laws applicable to each stage. There are also laws that cover specific substances such as pesticides, petroleum, explosives and ozone depleting substances. These laws contribute to the comprehensive management of chemical substances, but their legal framework is complex and intertwined.

The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 is closely related to its sub-regulations and other laws as a comprehensive basic law covering a variety of areas. Chemical legislation made under the Environment (Protection) Act includes the following regulations.


Rules / Regulation / Order / Notification

  • Environment (Protection) Rules, 1986
  • Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules, 1989
  • Chemical Accidents (Emergency Planning, Preparedness and Response) Rules, 1996
  • Ozone Depleting Substances (Regulation and Control) Rules, 2000
  • E-waste (Management) Rules, 2016 (RoHS provisions)
  • Hazardous and Other Wastes (Management and Transboundary Movement) Rules,2016
  • Regulation of Polychlorinated Biphenyls Order, 2016
  • Regulation of Lead Contents in Household and Decorative Paints Rules, 2016
  • Regulation of Persistent Organic Pollutants Rules, 2018
  • Prohibition on the handling of Azodyes


Bill / Draft

  • Lead Stabilizer in Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Pipes and Fittings, Rules, 2019
  • Hazardous Chemical (Classification, Packaging and Labelling) Rules, 2011
  • Chemicals (Management and Safety) Rules, 20XX


Other Acts related to Chemical Management

  • Insecticides Act, 1968
  • Pesticide Management Bill, 2017
  • White Asbestos (Ban on Use and Import) Bill, 2014

The primary ministry in charge of chemical management is the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) which is responsible for the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. Other ministries (see below) have been engaged in its management depending on the life cycle, types and use, etc. of chemicals.

  • Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer’s Welfare
  • Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilisers
  • Ministry of Commerce and Industry
  • Bureau of Indian Standards
  • Ministry of Road Transport and Highways,
  • Ministry of Shipping


Related Reports

Date Title
2021-06-16 India publishes Quality Control Order for Ortho Phosphoric Acid
2021-05-24 India notifies draft QCOs for Polycarbonate, Polyurethanes, etc. to WTO-TBT
2021-05-21 India publishes order for Compulsory Registration Scheme with the list of products and applicable standards
2021-05-18 India publishes QCOs for Ethylene Vinyl Acetate Copolymers and Linear Alkyl Benzene
2021-01-28 India notifies the draft QCOs for Linear Alkyl Benzene, etc. to WTO-TBT
2020-12-25 India announces the draft of IS on sampling and test methods for lead in paints and varnishes
Comments until Jan 8, 2021
2020-12-15 India publishes quality control order for acrylonitrile, styrene, etc.
2020-11-20 India notifies to WTO draft on quality control order for methylene chloride, red phosphorus, etc.
2020-08-11 India publishes notification on amending import policy including ban on the import of HCFC-141b
2020-07-30 India publishes Quality Control Order for toluene, ethylene glycol, etc. .
2020-07-11 India publishes amendment rules for Ozone Depleting Substances.
2020-06-23 India introduces Pesticide Management Act, 2020 (Bill) in the House of Representatives.
A bill to replace the Insecticides Act, 1968
2020-06-19 India announces draft to ban import and manufacture 27 substances used in pesticides
2020-06-19 India publishes notification to add toxic chemicals regulated under the Chemical Weapons Convention Act.
2020-06-18 India amends the standard to regulate chemical substance in printing inks used for food packaging
2020-06-18 India’s Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers publishes Quality Control Order on 14 chemicals
2019-09-13 India announces the draft for regulating lead stabilizer in PVC pipes and fittings

Index of India EHS

Framework of EHS laws and regulations in India.

Category Theme
Overall Overview, Environmental Standards
India, Organizations with Governing Environmental Regulations
Chemical Chemical Management
Waste Waste Management
Energy Energy Efficiency Regulation of Products
Product Designs Product Designs in India
Water Water Pollution Control
Air Air Pollution Control
Other Pollution Noise, Vibration and Odour Control
OSH Occupational Safety and Health