In India, as in other countries, standards are issued to provide specifications for any goods, which are operated on a voluntary basis. However, based on enforceable laws and regulations such as the Quality Control Order and the Compulsory Registration Scheme, products are designated and compliance with the standards applicable to them is required. In addition, India has implemented ECO Mark as one of its eco-labeling schemes. It covers various categories of products, and the use of the ECO Mark is allowed if the product meets certain environmental standards and quality requirements set forth in the related Indian standards.
Quality Control Orders
In India, there are laws and regulations that require any goods subject to a Quality Control Order to comply with the corresponding Indian Standards. The Indian Standards are voluntary and not enforceable, but if specified by the Quality Control Order, any goods must comply with the provisions of the specified standards. The manufacturer shall affix the ‘Standard Mark’ under a license obtained from the Bureau of Indian Standards in accordance with Scheme I of Annexure II of the Bureau of Indian Standards (Conformity Assessment) Regulations, 2018.
Compulsory Registration Scheme
The Compulsory Registration Scheme (CRS) is a system established under the Electronics and Information Technology Goods (Requirement for Compulsory Registration) Order, 2012, published on October 3, 2012. Under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), the CRS designates electronic and information technology goods as eligible products, and these products must comply with the applicable Indian standards. Upon successful registration with the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), the use of the “Standard Mark” will be permitted.
Standard Mark under CRS
See more details of the CRS from the following URL.
Eco Mark Products
The Government of India has established the ECO Mark as a scheme for labeling environmentally friendly products and is administered by the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). The ECO Mark scheme covers various product categories such as soaps and detergents, paints, food products, lubricants, packaging materials and packages, architectural paints and powder coatings, batteries, electrical and electronic products, food additives, wood substitutes, cosmetics, aerosols and propellants, plastic products, textiles, fire extinguishers, leather, and coir and coir products.
The ECO Mark system is implemented throughout India and allows household products and other consumer products to bear the ECO Mark by certifying that they meet certain environmental standards and quality requirements set out in related Indian standards.
In the implementation of this scheme, the BIS shall perform the following function.
- Evaluation and certification of products for grant of ECO Mark.
- Renewal, suspension and revocation of licenses.
- Products certified as eligible for the grant of the ECO Mark shall also be granted the Standard Mark (ISI Mark) indicating the quality, safety and performance of the product (except leather) and shall be allowed to use the ECO Mark for a specified period. After the expiry date, the products need to be re-evaluated.
- The materials and substances to which the ECO Mark is affixed shall be tested and samples for analysis shall be taken as necessary for the proper implementation of the ECO Mark system.
Standard Mark（ISI Mark）
For this purpose, the Standard Mark of the Bureau of Indian Standards shall be a combination of the ISI mark and the ECO mark (see below) .
In order to operate this scheme, BIS has incorporated additional requirements for ECO Mark in the relevant Indian Standards. The terms and conditions for the operation of the license including the fees shall be governed by the provisions of the Bureau of Indian Standards Act and its subordinate regulations. Fees for marking are set separately for those with and without the requirement of ECO Mark. Similarly, two types of testing and examination schemes are available, one incorporating additional requirements for ECO mark and the other for BIS certification to Indian Standards.