India India adds production facilities for ceramic, glass, copper, zinc, etc. to energy intensive industries

specified in the Energy Conservation Act

On January 3, 2022, the Indian Ministry of Power published an amendment (Notification S.O. 09 (E).) adding production facilities for ceramic, glass, copper, zinc, and other products to the list of energy intensive industries under the Energy Conservation Act, 2001. Industries and other establishments on this list will be subject to separately prescribed annual energy consumption norms and will be obligated to assign an energy manager and submit report on the status of energy consumption (to be submitted annually within three months of the end of the financial year, which is the end of March) as “Designated Consumers.” The amendment adds specific target chemical categories (e.g., alkali, inorganic chemicals, organic chemicals, pesticides, etc.) for which the production facilities would be identified as Designated Consumers.


List of Energy Intensive Industries and Other Establishments (Schedule to the Energy Conservation Act, 2001)

*Revised parts are in bold

No. Industries/other establishments Specified threshold limit for being identified as a Designated Consumer (Annual energy consumption)
1 Aluminum ≥7,500 toe
2 Fertilizers ≥30,000 toe
3 Iron and Steel ≥20,000 toe
4 Cement ≥30,000 toe
5 Pulp and Paper ≥20,000 toe
6 Chlor Alkali ≥12,000 toe
7 Sugar (Units of sugar plants or establishment those are under production of sugar and its variants such as white sugar, brown sugar and liquid sugar) Not specified
8 Textile ≥3,000 toe
9 Chemical

(i) Alkali Chemical (Soda Ash, Potassium Hydroxide), (ii) Inorganic Chemicals, (iii) Organic Chemicals, (iv) Pesticides, (v) Dyes and Pigments, (vi) Pharmaceuticals (Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient)

Not specified
10 Railways ≥30,000 toe
11 Port Trust Not specified
12 Transport Sector (industries and services) Not specified
13 Petrochemical, Gas Crackers, Naphtha Crackers and Petroleum Refineries Petroleum Refinery: ≥90,000 toe

Petrochemical unit with gas crackers or naphtha crackers: ≥100,000toe

14 Thermal power stations, hydel power stations, electricity transmission companies and distribution companies Power stations: ≥30,000 toe

Distribution companies (Companies that have obtained a distribution license issued by the State or Central Electricity Regulatory Commission under Electricity Act, 2003): ≥86,000toe

15 Commercial buildings or hotels ≥500 toe
16 Ceramic (Units of such ceramic plants or establishments those are under production of vitrified tiles, floor tile, wall tiles and sanitary ware etc. (including all variants such as stoneware, porcelain and fire bricks)) Not specified
17 Glass (Units of such glass plants or establishments those are under production of glass and its finished products) Not specified
18 Zinc (Units of such zinc plants or establishments those are under production of zinc and its finished products) Not specified
19 Copper (Units of such copper plants or establishments those are under production of copper and its finished products) Not specified
20 Mining including exploration (Units of such mining those are involved in surface, underground or other category of mining of minerals as well as exploration of oil and natural gas) Not specified


The original text of the amendment can be downloaded from the following URL (in Hindi and English).

The Energy Conservation Act, 2001:

Author / Responsibility


Senior Research Associate, Research & Consulting Dept. EnviX Ltd.

Business Performance

In charge of South Asia (India, Bangladesh, etc.), South Korea, Latin America (Mexico, Colombia, etc.) and Turkey for managing infomation on the environmental regulations


MA, Environment, Development and Policy, University of Sussex