The Solid Waste Management Regulations 2021 were published in Bangladesh on December 23, 2021, under the Bangladesh Environmental Protection Act, 1995. The Regulations define the responsibilities of businesses involved in solid waste management and impose collection, recycling, and disposal obligations according to Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) on manufacturers of non-biodegradable products such as glass, plastic, and bottles. The Regulations also include provisions for the treatment of solid waste such as composting and energy recovery.
The main provisions of the Regulations are as follows.
- When recovering resources from waste, the principles of management that consider the waste hierarchy, such as the 3Rs, segregation, and reduction, must be followed at all stages from waste generation to final disposal.
- Responsibilities of waste generators, consumers, and users:
Dispose of waste in accordance with the regulations of authorities including local government.
Dispose of waste separately.
Do not dump, store, or burn waste outdoors.
- Responsibilities of manufacturers (*not defined) and importers of products
Collect non-biodegradable products such as glass, plastic, polyethylene, multi-layered packaging, bottles, and cans from consumers and recycle or dispose of them if appropriate.
Determine work plans and implementation procedures for recycling and disposal.
Ensure that EPR is properly implemented.
Submit an annual report to the Department of Environment (DOE) on the amount of plastic recycled.
Raise public awareness of proper waste management.
Any violation of the above provisions shall be subject to imprisonment for not more than two years or a fine not exceeding 200,000 taka (approximately 270,000 yen), or both. The Regulations also include provisions for the treatment of solid waste such as composting and energy recovery.
The Solid Waste Management Regulations 2021 can be downloaded from the following URL (in Bengali).