In Vietnam, WEEE-related regulations have been actively discussed since the late 2000s, and in 2011, the draft was prepared and submitted to the Prime Minister by the Directorate General of Environment of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, based on input from stakeholders and others. In terms of the legal framework, Article 87 of the Law on Environmental Protection of 2014 (Law No. 55/2014/QH13) stipulates that manufacturers and importers are responsible for the collection and treatment of discarded products under the extended producer responsibility (EPR) principle, and authorizes the Prime Minister to enact subordinate legislation setting out the details of this responsibility.

In August 2013, the “Prime Minister’s Decision No. 50/2013/QD-TTg on the collection and treatment of discarded products” was finally enacted, but its content (e.g., regulated electrical and electronic equipment) did not differ substantially from the earlier drafts that had been made public. However, a new decision replacing this Prime Minister’s Decision was subsequently enacted in May 2015, that is entitled the “Prime Minister’s Decision No. 16/2015/QD-TTg on the collection and treatment of discarded products”. It removed some of the regulated products (specifically “chemical for industry, agriculture and fisheries and medicine for human”), postponed the schedule (see the table below) and clarified the responsibility of manufacturers.

Table: Comparison of No. 50/2013/QD-TTg and No. 16/2015/QD-TTg

No. Discarded Products Starting Date for Collection and Treatment
(mm/dd/yyyy)
50/2013/QD-TTg 16/2015/QD-TTg
I ACCUMULATOR AND BATTERY
1 All types of accumulators 01/01/2015 07/01/2016
2 All types of batteries 01/01/2015 07/01/2016
II ELECTRIC AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT
1 Compact light and fluorescent light 01/01/2015 07/01/2016
2 Computer (desktop, laptop), computer monitor, CPU 01/01/2015 07/01/2016
3 Printer; fax machine, scanner 01/01/2015 07/01/2016
4 Camera, movie camera 01/01/2015 07/01/2016
5 Cell phone, tablet computer 01/01/2015 07/01/2016
6 DVD, VCD, CD player and other tape or disc player 01/01/2015 07/01/2016
7 Copier 01/01/2016 07/01/2016
8 Television, refrigerator 01/01/2016 07/01/2016
9 Air conditioner, washing machine 01/01/2016 07/01/2016
III CHEMICAL USED IN INDUSTRY, AGRICULTURE AND FISHERY AND MEDICINE FOR HUMAN
1 Hazardous industrial chemical 01/01/2015 exemption
2 Chemical, chemical product used in veterinary 01/01/2015 exemption
3 Chemical, chemical product for plant protection 01/01/2015 exemption
4 Chemical, chemical product used in fishery 01/01/2015 exemption
5 Medicine for human 01/01/2015 exemption
IV LUBRICANT and GREASE
1 Lubricants 01/01/2015 07/01/2016
V TIRE and INNER TUBE
1 All types of tires 01/01/2016 07/01/2016
2 All types of inner tubes 01/01/2016 07/01/2016
VI TRANSPORTATION
1 All types of motorcycles and motorbikes 01/01/2018 01/01/2018
2 All types of automobiles 01/01/2018 01/01/2018

After a delay in enacting a regulation setting specific provisions for the implementation, it was finally enacted in October 2017. The regulation, entitled “Circular No. 34/2017/TT-BTNMT on the collection and treatment of discarded products”, stipulates the technical requirements for the collection points of the regulated products, as well as the obligation to report annually on the status of its implementation. In this Circular, the requirements for “collection points” were concretely specified. Collection points are divided into three categories, with the number and location of them to be determined by manufacturers themselves, based on the volume of product sold, the distribution system and the distance from the collection points to the treatment plant.