The Air Pollution Control Law is the basic law for air pollution control in general. This law is under the jurisdiction of the Environmental Protection Administration. Article 20 and Article 21 of the Air Pollution Control Law stipulate the reporting of emission standards and quantities. The Air Pollution Control Law stipulates air pollution control fees in Article 16. Article 17 of the same law states that “the air pollution control fees in the preceding article shall be collected by the central competent authority, with the exception of air pollution control fees for construction projects, which shall be collected by special municipality, county or city competent authorities”. The charging rate will be determined based on the current status of air quality, pollution sources, pollutants, fuel types, and the cost of pollution control. Related laws and regulations include the “Air Pollution Control Fee Collection Regulations ” and the “Stationary Source Air Pollution Control Fee Charging Rates.

Air Pollution Control Laws and Regulations:

  • Air Pollution Control Law
    • Air Pollution Control Act Enforcement Rules
    • Type and emission limits for Tier 1 stationary source hazardous air pollutants
    • Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants from Stationary Pollutants (Draft)

Regarding the “Type and emission limits for Tier 1 stationary source hazardous air pollutants“

In accordance with Article 20 of the Air Pollution Control Law, the Public Notice, which was released on August 15, 2019 and came into effect immediately, lists a total of 73 hazardous air pollutants. It also stipulates emission limits for 5 types of hazardous air pollutants. For details, please refer to the following list.

Hazardous air pollutants

Substance name CAS number
1.  Organic hazardous air pollutants
Acetaldehyde 75-07-0
Acetamide 60-35-5
Prop-2-enal (Acrolein) 107-02-8
Prop-2-enamide (Acrylamide) 79-06-1
Prop-2-enenitrile (Acrylonitrile) 107-13-1
3-Chloroprop-1-ene(Allyl chloride) 107-05-1
Aniline 62-53-3
Benzene 71-43-2
1,1′-biphenyl-4,4′-diamin(Benzidine) 92-87-5
Trichloromethyl benzen(Benzotrichloride) 98-07-7
Chloromethyl benzene(Benzyl Chloride) 100-44-7
Bis (2-ethylhexyl) benzene-1,2-dicarboxylate 117-81-7
Tribromomethane(Bromoform) 75-25-2
Buta-1,3-diene (1,3-Butadiene) 106-99-0
Carbon tetrachloride(Tetrachloromethane) 56-23-5
Benzene-1,2-diol (Catechol) 120-80-9
Trichloromethane (Chloroform) 67-66-3
2-Chlorobuta-1,3-diene(Chloroprene) 126-99-8
1,4-Dichlorobenzene 106-46-7
1,1-Dichloroethane (Ethylidene dichloride) 75-34-3
1,2-Dichloroethane(Ethylene dichloride) 107-06-2
1,1-Dichloroethylene 75-35-4
1,2-Dichloropropane (Propylene dichloride) 78-87-5
3,3′-Dimethyl-[1,1′-biphenyl]-4,4′-diamine (o-Tolidine) 119-93-7
N,N-Dimethylformamide 68-12-2
1,1-Dimethylhydrazine 57-14-7
1,4-Dioxane 123-91-1
2-Chloromethyl oxirane(Epichlorohydrin) 106-89-8
2-Methyloxirane(1,2-Epoxypropane) 75-56-9
Ethyl prop-2-enoate(Ethyl acrylate) 140-88-5
Ethylbenzene 100-41-4
1,2-Dibromoethane(Ethylene dibromide) 106-93-4
Oxirane (Ethylene oxide) 75-21-8
Aziridine (Ethyleneimine) 151-56-4
Imidazolidine-2-thione(Ethylene thiourea) 96-45-7
Formaldehyde 50-00-0
Hexachlorobenzene 118-74-1
Hexachloroethane 67-72-1
Benzene-1,4-diol (Hydroquinone) 123-31-9
Bromomethane(Methyl bromide) 74-83-9
Chloromethane(Methyl chloride) 74-87-3
4-[(4-Amino-3-chlorophenyl)methyl]-2-chloroaniline 101-14-4
Dichloromethane(Methylene chloride) 75-09-2
Bis (4-aminophenyl) methane(4,4′-Methylenedianiline) 101-77-9
Nitrobenzene 98-95-3
N,N-Dimethylnitrous amide (NDMA)(N-Nitrosodimethylamine) 62-75-9
2-Methoxyaniline(o-Anisidine) 90-04-0
Phenol 108-95-2
Ethenylbenzene (Styrene) 100-42-5
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane 79-34-5
Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, Polychlorinated dibenzofurans
Tetrachloroethene(Perchloroethylene) 127-18-4
Toluene 108-88-3
2,4-Diisocyanato-1-methylbenzene(2,4-Toluene diisocyanate) 584-84-9
Trichloroacetic acid 76-03-9
1,1,1-Trichloroethane(Methyl chloroform) 71-55-6
1,1,2-Trichloroethane 79-00-5
Trichloroethene 79-01-6
Ethenyl acetate(Vinyl acetate) 108-05-4
Chloroethene(Vinyl chloride monomer) 75-01-4
Xylenes (isomers and mixture) 1330-20-7
2. Heavy metals and their compounds
Arsenic and its compounds 7440-38-2
Beryllium and its compounds 7440-41-7
Cadmium and its compounds 7440-43-9
Cobalt and its compounds 7440-48-4
Hexavalent chromium 18540-29-9
Lead and its compounds 7439-92-1
Mercury and its compounds 7439-97-6
Nickel and its compounds 7440-02-0
3. Other types
Asbestos 1332-21-4
Fluoride & Compounds 16984-48-8
Hydrazine 302-01-2
Polychlorinated biphenyls 1336-36-3

Emission limits for hazardous air pollutants

Hazardous air pollutants name Emission limits
Dioxin 10ng-TEQ/Nm3
Cadmium and its compounds 10mg/Nm3
Lead and its compounds 10mg/Nm3
Trichloroethylene 5000ppm
Vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) 20ppm

Regarding “Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants from Stationary Pollutants (Draft)”

According to the Environmental Protection Administration, it is expected that the emission standards for hazardous air pollutants (73 in total, see table above) will be specified in the following 3 stages (currently in draft stage).

(Stage1) Effective from the date of publication of this standard (TBD) Regulation for 50 hazardous air pollutants for which testing and measurement methods already exist.
(Stage2) Effective from January 1, 2021 Regulations for 14 types of hazardous air pollutants.
(Stage3) Effective from January 1, 2023 Regulations for 9 types of hazardous air pollutants.

Stage 1 controlled substances (49 substances) *The Environmental Protection Administration has announced that there are 50 substances, but only 49 are on the list.

Hazardous air pollutants subject to regulated in the first stage (49 substances)

  1. Formaldehyde
  2. Acetaldehyde
  3. Trichloroethylene
  4. Acrylonitrile
  5. 1,3-Butadiene
  6. Mercury and its compounds
  7. Arsenic and its compounds
  8. Hexavalent chromium compounds
  9. Benzene
  10. Propylene oxide
  11. Nickel and its compounds
  12. 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane
  13. Polychlorinated biphenyls
  14. Polyvinyl acetate
  15. Chloroethylene
  16. 1,4-Dioxane
  17. Dichloromethane
  18. Ethyl acrylate
  19. Tetrachloroethylene
  20. Acrylamide
  21. Asbestos
  22. Epichlorohydrin
  23. Beryllium and its compounds
  24. Phenol
  25. Cadmium and its compounds
  26. Methyl bromide
  27. Ethylene oxide
  28. Chloromethane
  29. 1,2-Dichloropropane
  30. 1,1,2-Trichloroethane
  31. Lead and its compounds
  32. Acrolein
  33. Carbon tetrachloride
  34. Allyl chloride
  35. Chloroform
  36. Fluoride
  37. 1,2-Dichloroethane
  38. 1,4-Dichlorobenzene
  39. Styrene
  40. Trilene 2,4-diisocyanate
  41. Ethylbenzene
  42. Cobalt and its compounds
  43. Toluene
  44. Benzyl chloride
  45. Xylene
  46. 1,2-Dibromoethane
  47. 1,1,1-Trichloroethane
  48. N,N-Dimethylformamide
  49. 1,1-Dichloroethane

About “emission standard value “and” emission limit value

Emission standard value: The emission concentration of a regulated air pollutant that is subject to administrative penalties. In consideration of the health of the people who should be protected, it is established in principle to reduce the concentration of human exposure in the environment.

Emission limit value: The emission concentration of a regulated air pollutant that is subject to criminal penalties. Concentrations of pollutants that, under conditions of acute exposure over a short period of time, may cause life-threatening health effects or death to the public.

Penalties for Violation of Emission Limits

Article 53 of the Air Pollution Control Law: If the air pollutants emit from the emission pipes of stationary sources in public or private places violate the standard hazardous air pollutant emission limits set forth in Article 20, paragraph 2, and are sufficient to threaten the life or physical health of others, the offender shall be sentenced to a fixed term of imprisonment up to seven years and can be imposed a fine from NT$1,000,000 to NT$15,000,000 together.